The Italian astronomer Giovanni Batista Hodierna independently discovered the group in the 17th century. Vulpecula contains no bright stars &ndash Alpha Vulpeculae shines at a meagre mag 4.4. Hevelius placed it near two constellations that also represent hunting animals: the eagle (Aquila) and the vulture (which the constellation Lyra used to be associated with). It appears as a patch of light to the unaided eye and can easily be seen in binoculars. The star is an op­ti­cal bi­nary(sep­a­ra­tion of 413.7") that can be split using binoc­u­lars. Vulpecula and Anser were later split into two constellations, the Fox and the Goose, only to be merged again under the name Vulpecula. Polish astronomer Johannes Hevelius invented this constellation in 1687. It has an apparent magnitude of 13.4 and is approximately 191 million light years distant. However, this was later changed to instead have the fox as the main constellation, and Anser became just the brightest star of this constellation. It is believed to be over 600 million years old. It is a star in a binary system. The name Brocchi’s Cluster comes from Dalmero Francis Brocchi, an Italian-American amateur astronomer and chart maker who created a map of the group for use in calibrating photometers. It was introduced by Johannes Hevelius in 1687. 8 Vulpeculae has an apparent magnitude of 5.81. The system can easily be found with binoculars. The primary component is believed to be an orange dwarf with the stellar classification K1.5V, and the other star is a red dwarf. Click the map for a 916x1200 version of the above. From shop Biterswit. Vulpecula contains one Messier object – Messier 27 (M27, NGC 6853, Dumbbell Nebula) – and has four stars with known planets. It lies in the middle of the Summer Triangle, an asterism formed by the bright stars Vega in the constellation Lyra, Altair in Aquila, and Deneb in Cygnus. The main star of the constellation is a red giant called Alpha Vulpeculae. The map displays stars to magnitude 10, and deepsky objects to magnitude 12. It surrounds the open cluster NGC 6823, located near Messier 27. It is not associated with any myths. (ly) = Distance in light-years from Earth 2. Despite its class, the Dumbbell Nebula has nothing to do with planets. Main stars: 5, 20: Bayer/Flamsteed stars: 33: Stars with planets: 5: Stars brighter than 3.00 m: 0: Stars within 10.00 pc (32.62 ly) 0: Brightest star: α Vul (Anser) (4.44 m) Messier objects: 1: Bordering constellations: Cygnus Lyra Hercules Sagitta Delphinus Pegasus: Visible at latitudes between +90° and −55°. There are no stars brighter than 4th mag­ni­tude in this con­stel­la­tion. 1729. It is sometimes also called the Apple Core Nebula or Diablo Nebula, and has the designation NGC 6853 in the New General Catalogue. Anser (alpha Vulpeculae - α Vul) - at magnitude +4.44 is the brightest star in the constellation. Open cluster NGC 6823 surrounded by the emission nebula NGC 6820, image: Hewholooks at wikipedia.org. The galaxy has a dust disk that is 3,700 light years in diameter and believed to have formed in a galaxy collision a long time ago.  • Dec = Declination for the Epoch/Equinox J2000.0, • vis.  • Sp. HD 189733 is classified as a BY Draconis variable, which means that it exhibits variations in luminosity as a result of rotation of the star coupled with star spots. Notable deep sky objects in Vulpecula include the famous Dumbbell Nebula (Messier 27), which was the first planetary nebula to be discovered, the elliptical galaxy NGC 7052, and Brocchi’s Cluster. Anser, the Goose, is usually seen as a … It was first described by the French astronomer and comet hunter Charles Messier who found it in 1764 and included it as no. Originally it was a double figure named Vulpecula cum Anser, “The Fox with the Goose”. The nebula has an apparent magnitude of 7.5 and is approximately 1,360 light years distant from the solar system. There are no meteor showers associated with the constellation. It was formed when a dying star threw off its gas, and named Dumbbell because it has a double-lobed structure resembling a bar-bell. The star also car­ries the tra­di­tional nam… = visual magnitude (m or mv), also known as apparent magnitude 23 Vulpeculae is the second brightest star in Vulpecula constellation. The main star of the Little Fox, α Vulpeculae, is a red giant: Its diameter is 40 times bigger than the one of the sun and it shines 400 times brighter. Alpha Vulpeculae forms a wide optical binary with the star 8 Vulpeculae, an orange giant of the spectral type K0III, about 484 light years distant from Earth. It has 82% the solar mass, 75% the radius, and only 26.4% the luminosity. Vulpecula is not a relatively well-known constellation, and hence, a lot of people aren’t exactly familiar with it, but the constellation is quite gorgeous to look at! The pulsar is 2,283.12 light years distant and has a period of 1.3373 seconds and a pulse width of 0.04 second. The distance is rather uncertain, but is believed to be around 1200 light-years. It has the stellar classification G8III. The cluster is about 50 light years across and lies about 6,000 light years from Earth. It has a visual magnitude of 4.59 and is 216.57 light years distant from the Sun. It's an M type red giant star located 297 light-years away. NGC 7052 is an elliptical galaxy in Vulpecula. It can be found in the middle of the Summer Triangle asterism, and is highest in the evening sky in the months around July.  • RA = Right ascension for the Epoch/Equinox J2000.0 Interactive, wide area map of Vulpecula. The constellation is also home to the first pulsar ever discovered, PSR B1919+21, first observed by Jocelyn Bell Burnell and Antony Hewish in 1967. The brightest star in the constellation, Alpha Vulpeculae, carries the name Anser and now represents the Goose. The name PSR B1919+21 comes from the word “pulsar” and the declination and right ascension at which it is located.  • Var = Variable star designation It is in the middle of the Summer Triangle, three stars that make the shape of a triangle in the sky.. The Dumbbell Nebula, also known as Messier 27 (M27), is a bright, large planetary planetary nebula located in Vulpecula constellation.. • Name = Proper name. Cassiopeia constellation rubber stamp for DIY wrapping paper with stars, Vulpecula constellation stamp, custom Cassiopeia stamp with name Biterswit. Hevelius originally named the constellation Vulpecula cum ansere, or Vulpecula et Anser, which means the little fox with the goose. The center of NGC 6823 is believed to be two million years old and contains many young blue stars. Even though it is called a cluster and was believed to be one for most of the 20th century, Brocchi’s Cluster is really a chance alignment of stars that are not physically related to one another. Anser, Alpha Vulpeculae (α Vul), is a red giant star located in the constellation Vulpecula. Vulpecula is the 55th constellation in size, occupying an area of 268 square degrees. The Goose was pictured in the jaws of the Fox, the Goose is no longer officially in the sky but reputedly remains in the name of the alpha star: Anser (1). Vulpecula constellation has not been named after a figure in mythology. The Vulpecula is name comes from the likeness to a fox. Original Greek constellations listed by Ptolemy in the Almagest. The Coathanger is an asterism formed by the 10 brightest stars in Brocchi’s Cluster. Deep sky objects. His original name … alpha Vulpeculae, also known as Anser, Lucida Anseris and Lukida, is a red giant with an apparent magnitude of 4.44. The bright­est star in Vulpec­ula is Alpha Vulpec­u­lae, a mag­ni­tude 4.44m red giant at a dis­tance of 297 light-years. In October 2005, an extrasolar planet, HD 189733 b, was confirmed to be orbiting the primary star. The nebula lies at a distance of 1,360 light years from Earth. Vulpecula is located between Sagitta and Cygnus. The Dumbbell Nebula – Messier 27 (M27, NGC 6853). The pulsar has a rotational period of 1.557708 miliseconds, which means that it completes nearly 642 rotations per second. PSR B1937+21 is the first millisecond pulsar ever discovered, located only a few degrees away from PSR B1919+21. It is the brightest star in the constellation. class = Spectral class of the star in the stellar classification system In the next several billion years, the disk will be swallowed by the galaxy’s black hole, which is 100 times more massive than the disk itself. Vulpecula, The Fox,is one of Johannes Hevelius' constellations, introduced in his posthumously published star catalogue of 1690. Johannes Hevelius created the constellation more than three centuries ago. The constellation Vulpecula, which represents a fox carrying a goose, is high in the southeast as night falls.  • HIP = Hipparcos Catalogue designation number For instance: α Vulpeculae (the brightest star of Vulpecula based on the Bayer catalog); or 23 Vulpeculae (the 23th star in the constellation of Vulpecula based on the Flamsteed catalog). Vulpecula is notable for the Dumbbell Nebula, reputedly the most conspicuous of the class of so-called planetary nebulae. Anser, Brightest Star in Vulpecula The brightest star in Vulpecula is Anser and is located about 35.78 light years from the Sun. The cluster lies near the Dumbbell Nebula and surrounds a star that belongs to the spectral class O or B and can be seen without binoculars. Its brightest star, Alpha Vulpeculae of magnitude 4.4, is the only one honoured with a Greek letter, allocated by Francis Baily in his British Association Catalogue of 1845. It lies at an approximate distance of 297 light years from Earth. This is the list of notable stars in the constellation Vulpecula, sorted by decreasing brightness. • F or/and G. = Flamsteed designation or Gould designation The goose was left out of the constellation’s name, but instead the brightest star, Alpha Vulpeculae, carries the name Anser. Messier 27 was the first planetary nebula ever discovered.  • HD = Henry Draper Catalogue designation number The star name approved by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) is Anser. Anser is a red giant star with the stellar classification M0III. The constellation was originally called Vulpecula cum Anser, The Fox Vulpecula is a small, faint constellation in the northern sky, introduced by the Polish astronomer Johannes Hevelius in 1687. It is sometimes also known as Lucida Anseris or Lukida. Vulpecula contains one named star. Vulpecula Constellation Map, by IAU and Sky&Telescope magazine. Charles Messier first observed it in 1764. The boundary of the Vulpecula constellation contains 5 stars that host known exoplanets. It has a visual magnitude of 5.7/8.1 and is approximately 1,950 light years distant from the Sun. It is a red giant star located about 297 light years from Earth. Constellations which never rise more than a few degrees above the horizon from a given latitude will be effectively unobservable. Anser (Alpha Vulpeculae), image: Wikisky The brightest star in the constellation is Anser, Alpha Vulpeculae, with an apparent magnitude of 4.44. Click here for a map better suited for use in the field. Vulpecula belongs to the Hercules family of constellations, along with Aquila, Ara, Centaurus, Corona Australis, Corvus, Crater, Crux, Cygnus, Hercules, Hydra, Lupus, Lyra, Ophiuchus, Sagitta, Scutum, Sextans, Serpens and Triangulum Australe. mag. It’s near the middle of the Summer Triangle, which is defined by the stars Vega, Deneb, and Altair. • B = Bayer designation. The constellation was depicted as a fox holding a goose in its jaws. Actually, it was originally part of a constellation called Vulpecula et Anser, which actually is Latin for the Fox and the Goose.  • Notes = Common name(s) or alternate name(s); comments; notable properties [for example: multiple star status, range of variability if it is a variable star, exoplanets, etc. It is about 8 arc minutes in diameter and can easily be observed in binoculars and amateur telescopes. (See The asterismresembles more a flying gull seen face on. The constellation is a relatively faint one, with no stars brighter than fourth magnitude. The Dumbbell Nebula is one of the best known planetary nebulae in the sky. British astrophysicist Jocelyn Bell Burnell and her thesis supervisor Antony Hewish discovered the pulsar in 1967, and Hewish shared the Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery. The constellation Cerberus has since become obsolete, while Hevelius’ other cluster of stars, the fox and the goose, has been renamed Vulpecula (the fox). HD 189733 is a binary star located 0.3 degrees east of Messier 27 (the Dumbbell Nebula). Today, only the fox is left. Vulpecula Constellation Points of Interest It is also sometimes called the Apple Core Nebula. The central star, a white dwarf, is larger than any other known white dwarf. 27 in his famous list of extended sky objects. Number of stars ≤6.5 gives the number of stars within the constellation of magnitude 6.5 and brighter as listed in the Hipparcos Catalogue. The brightest star in Vulpecula is Alpha Vulpeculae, a magnitude 4.44 red giant at a distance of 297 light-years. The group is also known as Al Sufi’s Cluster, after the Persian astronomer Al Sufi who discovered it and described it in his Book of Fixed Stars in 964. The brighter stars in the group form the Coathanger, a well-known asterism in Vulpecula. The stars have an apparent magnitude of 6.07 and 10.116 and have an orbital period of about 3,200 years. Vulpecula definition: a faint constellation in the N hemisphere lying between Cygnus and Aquila | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples +90° and -55° Vulpecula was introduced by the International Astronomical Union ( IAU ) is Anser and. Included the group in his Catalogue of open clusters as Collinder 399 in 1931 discovered... Is Latin for the fox the constellation was originally called Vulpecula cum Anser, Lucida Anseris or Lukida a figure... 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