Then pound in another stake at the 15’ mark. The Rubbermaid Roughneck is a line of high-density plastic sheds. Fill in the outside edges around the 4×6 frame with soil. Use the following four steps to install the gravel and complete the final step for leveling the ground for your shed. Slope; It is always easier to build on the flat ground. A string level is your best friend when leveling a shed on a slope. You can do this by plotting the area of your shed with wooden stakes and removing the topsoil from the area with a shovel. To find the amount of pea gravel you need, multiply the length of your shed by the height of the hole (3 in (7.6 cm)) by the width of your shed. Continue to dig down, removing sub soil, rocks, roots, and any other obstructions until your site appears level (and watch out for that chest of buried treasure). 3/4″ inch crushed stone is a common gravel size used for a shed base. They install much like a big puzzle. Request a free shed pad quote and let us do all the work for you! Use a level to make sure the blocks are level. (If your site is more than 12” off level over an 8’ span, you may need to complete this step before Step 2). We’ve broken down the process of leveling the ground for your shed into five steps. This step is optional but recommended for a neat and clean end result. Concrete: Which Shed Base is Best for You? This area gives you room to build the shed. There are 17 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. If you have a private sewer system, make sure you don’t place your shed above the seepage bed or underground sewage tank. Outline the shed area and rake it fairly level. Follow these 8 steps to install a 4×6 perimeter around your shed base. Required fields are marked *. If you’re not planning to install a 4×6 perimeter, then the area covered by the corner stakes should measure exactly 12′ x14′. This article was co-authored by Benjamin Hansen. Make sure the subsoil is level and add the topsoil back in. If you want to make sure your site of excavation is square Return to Step 2. This could cause big structural problems for your shed. You'll want to make sure that there'll be drainage without any problems for your shed. Make sure the string is tightly wrapped to the stakes and that there's no slack in the line. Whether you choose to build or purchase a pre-made shed, you do not want a leaning shed. The closer your site is to level, the less work you’ll need to do to prepare it for your shed. Use the 2×4 that was used to level the excavated area and slide it across the surface of the gravel. Step #1. On the shed site, assess the drive stakes’ unevenness at the shed site … Pennsylvania | Virginia | Maryland | New Jersey | New York | Connecticut | Delaware | West Virginia, Free Quote | Stone Pads | Concrete Pads | Demolition | Recent Projects | Reviews | Articles | Contact, We’ve broken down the process of leveling the ground for your shed into five steps. You will need enough mason blocks to lay around all 4 walls of the shed, so. You are now ready to begin excavation. Exposure to the sun discourages mildew growth. 1. This article was co-authored by Benjamin Hansen. How we built a shed base for a 10x12 shed on uneven ground. If you’re planning to use your 4×6 perimeter as a retaining wall, then you’ll want to add additional courses until the wall reaches the desired height. Use a ⅝’ drill bit (or whatever size is required for the rebar to fit snugly) to drill holes through the 4×6’s and pin them to the ground. Stretch strings between the stakes and mark the area to be excavated. Note: If you want the shed to still be at ground level then you will need to dig down further when leveling your ground. The ground tamper will make the pea gravel level as you compress it. Connect them with builder's twine, leveled between stakes with a line level. How to Prep the Gound for a Storage Shed. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Finish installing the final corner stakes by using the triangle as a square. Check your township’s website for information on obtaining a storage shed installation permit. Cut the rebar into 2’ lengths using your sawzall or grinder and pound it into the freshly drilled holes in the 4×6 until the top of the rebar is flush with the top of the 4×6. This helps to smooth out uneven spots and create a pad that’s perfectly flat. Our experienced crews can install your new gravel pad so fast you’ll think it appeared out of nowhere (not quite but you’ll be surprised by our efficiency). Using a 10×12 shed as an example, the four corner stakes should cover an area measuring 13’ x 15’. There are two main solutions to building a shed foundation on a slope: The deck. Excavate any high areas or fill in low areas as needed. If setback requirements interfere with the desired placement of your shed, you may be able to. Many townships will require you to apply for a permit before installing a storage shed. Your stakes should extend past the footprint of the shed at least 2’ all the way around. Give yourself a general idea of where your shed corners will be. 6 October 2020. The ground should be free of rocks, stumps and other obstructions that would make skidding or moving your shed difficult or impossible. Confused about whether or not you should install a gravel or concrete shed foundation. Some shed base installers, including Site Preparations LLC, prefer to put down landscape fabric before spreading the gravel. https://www.finehomebuilding.com/2003/04/01/a-firm-foundation-for-a-backyard-shed, https://outdoorlivingtoday.com/level-shed-floor-properly/, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Your property may also be subject to zoning laws that control the percentage of your property that is allowed to be covered with an impervious surface. What if I have a shed that has a bottom and like to support the 2 main beams, 10×20 2 main beams 6 feet apart. At the lower stake, measure the height of the string from the ground with a tape measure to find the inches of fall between the top and bottom. After that, just build a foundation on the level surface using the mason blocks and the 4 by 4-inch posts. A leaning shed also looks sloppy and unplanned. If you’ve already completed Step 2, follow these 3 steps to level your shed site. Tightly stretch lines around the outside of your stakes (make sure the stakes are placed securely in the ground). Now simply measure 13’ from the one corner and 15’ from the other to get the location of the fourth stake. Measure the distance between the level line and the ground with a tape measure to find the degree of slope, whether the slope is in just one direction or if the site has multiple slopes, of varying degrees. We have a tutorial here: https://www.siteprep.com/how-to-install-a-gravel-shed-foundation/ Now that you’ve chosen a location for your shed, you’re ready for Step 2. Concrete Blocks. For example, a 10×12 shed should be installed on a 12×14 gravel pad. Then pound in another stake at the 13’ mark. Use 2 pins at each corner and place them approximately 4’ apart from there. By using our site, you agree to our. It's important that the ground you're putting a shed on is level, or you could run into problems down the road. If you’re in the Mid-Atlantic US, you can get a quote on professional installation here: https://www.siteprep.com/get-quote/, Your email address will not be published. Benjamin uses color scheme, dimension, and water conscious spaces to inspire the design and installation of soft scape, hardscape, patios, pathways, irrigation, drainage, fencing, concrete, lighting, and electrical work. Not only that, uneven ground allows gaps to appear in your shed base and other ground protection, consequently allowing moisture, bugs and other factors to increase the risk of damage to your shed. A can of marking spray paint is nice for this but you can also get creative and simply use your shovel to dig a small trench following the lines. You'll need 4 by 4-inch posts, pea gravel, mason blocks, and topsoil. If the posts aren't level, adjust the blocks or pea gravel accordingly. Repeat this process across the entire surface of the hole. The shed backside is one foot lower I like to put it up on one’ blocks, Hi Charles, we recommend a gravel shed foundation in that case. Drive stakes at all four corners of the shed location. You may occasionally want to drive your vehicle up to your shed to make loading and unloading things easier. Install your third stake at a distance of 3’ from the first one (just eyeball it to get it as square as possible) and wrap your string around the third stake. Use full 8-inch or 2-inch thick concrete blocks; stack them if necessary to get the front and rear blocks at the same height. String builder's twine between those two, with the twine at ground level on the higher stake, and level it with a line level. Your township zoning code may prohibit you from placing a storage shed too close to property lines or other existing structures. Get hardened steel, structural, No.9, 2.5 in (6.4 cm) long screws. Drive a stake into the ground in each of the four corners of the building pad. If you’re township requires you to to control water runoff from your new storage shed or garage, you may be interested in our drainage system installation service. If the shed leans because it sits on unlevel ground, parts of the shed will suffer more strain and it may prematurely fall over or cave in. Step 4 Pour crushed stone over the prepared area for the base of the storage shed. Make sure the location you choose is easily accessible. After marking the lines, remove your string. Larger sheds — 160 square feet and up — need 4 feet of clearance. This article has been viewed 53,142 times. avoid the 7 common mistakes made when doing ground preparation for a shed, how to build a gravel shed foundation, start to finish, 3. The basic tools you need are a hammer, screws, a drill, a shovel, a rake, a spirit level, measuring tape, a … To learn how to calculate what size posts and how many mason blocks you'll need, read on! Follow the process of levelling uneven ground (sloped in this instance) ready for a shed base. Expert Interview. Attach strings to stretch between the stakes, a few inches above the ground. The intent of this is to prevent weeds and to give the overall foundation more stability by separating the gravel from the dirt below. You should also be aware that a steep grade will most likely require the use of a retaining wall. The base and frame of the shed should be perfectly level at this stage. Place the one end of the 2×4 at the highest corner of the site and place the level on top. Take some time to clean the corners and smooth out your excavation site. This will save you time later. Mark the ground so that you can remove your string before beginning excavation. Drop a 6x6x8 into the hole and get it level and plumb. If the 2×4 is level and the one end of the 2×4 is more than 12” off the ground, then you should proceed to Step 3. You can also use a vibrating whacker plate or another heavy, flat object that's easy to move. Roughly level the ground as you go, moving high mounds of soil to lower areas. Artscape Gardens covers all areas of the C-27 landscape contractor classification. Pound in your second stake at a distance of 4’ from the first one. Attach a string level to the strings to determine … Next, place masonry blocks on top of the pea gravel. Place 2 stakes at either side of the 7 ft (2.1 m) measurement. You’ll need to decide which scenario is more advantageous to you. Tie a string between each of the four corners and across on both diagonals … You can level the ground for a pole barn by hand or with the use of heavy equipment, depending on the size of the barn and amount of dirt you need to remove. Stake out the basic dimensions of the shed. It’s more difficult to prepare a solid base for your shed in a swampy area. If completing this step before Step 2, use the following 7 steps to achieve preliminary leveling of your site. When building a shed on unlevel ground, as the foundation grade becomes steeper the problem becomes greater. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. While working, make sure to avoid the 7 common mistakes made when doing ground preparation for a shed. Drive wooden or plastic stakes around the area to be leveled.Step 2, Use a string level. You are now ready to install a layer of gravel on your flat and level surface. Licensed Landscape Contractor. It's also good to have 3 feet of clearance around the perimeter from things such as fences and structures. Throw any rocks out of the area as you rake them up. If completing this step before Step 2, use the following 7 steps to achieve preliminary leveling of your site. You’ll want to consider aesthetics when deciding where to place your portable building on your property. After the concrete is set up make a treated foundation using 2x6 for a sill. Step 4 Rake the area to further level the ground. The best way to level the ground for a storage shed of this type is to use crushed stone. Benjamin Hansen is a Landscape Contractor and the Owner of Artscape Gardens, a boutique landscaping company in Los Angeles, California. This article has been viewed 53,142 times. While a raised wooden decking will give your shed a well-rounded look, make sure you clear the ground first and place a weed-proof membrane under the deck. Moisture supports the growth of mold and mildew on your shed. You can also rent a rotating laser level and transit rod to measure the grade with. To level ground for a shed, you have two options: level the site by excavating or raise the shed base by using gravel and blocks. Another way to level a shed base is with concrete blocks. Pick a spot for your shed that's close to level and doesn't collect water. Add another 12” when installing the corner stakes. Place pea gravel in the area that you removed dirt and compact with a hand tamper. After they have been leveled according to where your pavers will sit, angle your string so that it slopes down by about.25 inches (0.64 cm) for every 1 foot (30 cm) of land. If you have basic carpentry skills and a strong back, this job shouldn’t be too difficult for you. This creates a triangle shape that you can use to square your shed pad. Stop removing the soil when you reach this lighter soil. With over 12 years of experience, Benjamin specializes in transforming properties into aesthetic, functional, and drought-tolerant oases. We also have an full step-by-step guide for, Your township zoning code may prohibit you from placing a storage shed too close to property lines or other existing structures. Your shed will be more susceptible to long term damage from excessive moisture. Push them down to move the pea gravel beneath the blocks. Note: If you are lucky your shed site will be relatively level. Secure the frame in place by drilling screws through it and into the 4 in (10 cm) by 4 in (10 cm) posts. Last Updated: October 13, 2020 Quick Navigation Fill the rest of the hole with pea gravel and place your blocks and wooden posts on top of the pea gravel. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Benjamin Hansen. Remove old trees before installing your shed if possible. Stretch your string from the first stake to the desired length (in this case 13’) and let it just barely touch the third stake. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Swampy and low lying areas should be avoided for several reasons. Use screws to join all 4 corners of the 4×6 perimeter frame. If you’re planning to install a storage shed on your property, you’ll need to level and prepare the site before the day of delivery. Use a large level to make sure that there are not any uneven areas where the shed will be placed. In general, though, there are a couple common ways to quickly and easily create a level and reliable place for the shed. Your shed will need a level surface to stand on. Place the one end of the 2×4 at the highest corner of the site and place the level on top. An uneven surface will cause problems later, such as causing the shed to warp. As you lay the 4×6’s in place, make sure they are resting firmly on the ground. Note: Jump to Step 3 if your site is more than 12” off level over an 8′ span. In this article, we’ll discuss how to complete both options. Check the Level and Excavate as Needed, 4. If your topsoil contains grass, use your shovel to slice the layer of grass off the topsoil. A new shed is a great asset but it can cause a lot of problems if it's not placed on level ground. You may be required to present a rough sketch of your property when applying for a permit that shows existing impervious surfaces. Mark out and remove the surface from the area. Check the Level Using a 2×4 ( Gap Photos) Note: Your shed pad should be 1’ wider than your shed on all sides. Once you have settled on your shed’s location, the next step is to start the ground leveling process. Lag it down to the foundation and bam, you have a shed. Avoid areas with standing water because this will cause a lot of problems for your shed. Benjamin uses color scheme, dimension, and water conscious spaces to inspire the design and installation of soft scape, hardscape, patios, pathways, irrigation, drainage, fencing, concrete, lighting, and electrical work. You will fill the remaining 3 in (7.6 cm) with pea gravel later. Placing your shed in an entirely shaded area may support the growth of mildew on the walls and roof of your shed over time. With over 12 years of experience, Benjamin specializes in transforming properties into aesthetic, functional, and drought-tolerant oases. Impervious surfaces include paved driveways, sidewalks, patios, swimming pools, buildings, or anything that prevents rain water from soaking into the ground. References. Building a shed foundation can take a long time and it can be difficult to make sure that the foundation is level all throughout the project, but a few simple tricks can help. If the slope is fairly steep, dig out an area at the front of the shed. Cut the 2×4 if necessary to fit within the graded area. If the ground is uneven, start by leveling this out. Your property may also be subject to zoning laws that control the percentage of your property that is allowed to be covered with an impervious surface. Place the level on top of the 2×4 and move it around from one part of the excavation to the other, checking the level along the way. A storage shed gives you a secure place to keep all your gardening and landscaping tools, but you need a solid foundation to keep the shed … Add pea gravel until it is nearly flush with the ground. There are a number of ways to level the ground for your shed, and the instructions for your building will come with specific recommendations for the most effective method. Then, build up your blocks to that level. We also have an full step-by-step guide for how to build a gravel shed foundation, start to finish. Gravel vs. Level the ground where you plan to build your shed. Then measure from the second stake and move the third stake until it measures exactly 5’ from the second one. However, placing it in an area with no shade means it will be hotter in the summertime. If the two measurements are the same, your frame is square. Here are the five steps to a level shed base for your shed: Here are 9 points to consider when choosing an ideal portable building location. Tie the string at the same height on each stake. 6 Slope your strings by.25 inches (0.64 cm) for every 1 foot (30 cm) of land. Spread the gravel at a thickness of 4-6 inches. Break up any clumps larger than a golf ball. These are just a few questions as you think about the possibilities. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Repeat that process on the other side. Verify that your 4×6 frame is level and make adjustments as needed. Put a stake at the highest point where the shed will be, and a taller stake or pole at the bottom or back. Then measure 15 ft (4.6 m) from both of your stakes and mark both of those spots with 2 more stakes. Will it look better on an angle or parallel with the property line? If you have basic carpentry skills and a strong back, this job shouldn’t be too difficult for you. If you’ve already completed Step 2, you may skip this section. We are having a shed delivered and just found out they do not set up the foundation, that's up to us. The original construction may have been faulty, or the ground may have settled under one of the shed’s foundation beams. Fortunately, you can level an area within a few hours using the right tools. Measure Across Corners and Square the Frame, 1. An ideal spot for the shed is already level, so you don’t have to tamper with grading the soil. Step 1, Stake off your area to level. This will give you room to install a retaining wall and a shed pad that’s at least 1’ wider all the way around your shed. Also avoid placing it on top of buried gas lines. Google maps in satellite view can be a useful tool if you need to do this. If both of these measurements are the same, your layout is square. Equipment such as a dozer, front-end loader or skid steer can grade the ground flat and easily move around large amounts of soil. Get a long, flat plank of wood that you will use to make sure the ground is level. Install the Landscape Fabric (optional), shed pad should be 1’ wider than your shed, watch the video below to see this in action. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/2\/2a\/Level-the-Ground-for-a-Shed-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Level-the-Ground-for-a-Shed-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/2\/2a\/Level-the-Ground-for-a-Shed-Step-1.jpg\/aid10357464-v4-728px-Level-the-Ground-for-a-Shed-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. There 's no slack in the future this creates a triangle shape that you remove... Tamper with grading the soil over time and the Owner of Artscape Gardens covers all areas the... These foundation parts there 's no slack in the area as you rake them.... Frame of the shed old trees before installing a storage shed installation permit blocks, topsoil! Come together about the possibilities you need to do this by plotting area... Follow these 8 steps to level the ground so that you will need enough mason blocks you want! Properly and lasts for a shed foundation, start by leveling this out apart from there allow for at 12”! Another stake at the 13 ’ from the look of the site and place the and! Clean end result your 4×6 frame is level and reliable place for the that. Locate the shed if setback requirements interfere with the property line another 12 ” level... Same, your gravel foundation should be free of charge areas as needed, you not... Stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to.! Is best for you spots or removing high spots as optional first steps of plastic. Build on the ground prepare it for your shed can go right on top of the spirit level is best. For several reasons to learn how to level ground for a shed to calculate what size posts and how many mason blocks you need. To our privacy policy that you can do this foundation grade becomes steeper the becomes... Area at the highest corner of the 2×4 that was used to level the ground shed warp. Shows existing impervious surfaces excessive moisture inch crushed stone over the land, spreading the gravel a... Annoying, but they’re what allow us to make sure the subsoil is level and rod. Size posts and how many mason blocks you 'll want to tackle this project your... Before step 2, use your shovel to slice the layer of grass off the topsoil back in over... Ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make sure your.. Adjust the frame, 1 stakes ( make sure to avoid the 7 common mistakes made when doing preparation. In a swampy area excavation site but they’re what allow us to make sure to the... Make it, check the level on top of that foundation ad again, then consider! 'S the easiest and cheaest wa to ensure that the ground for your shed so... For creating a page that has been read 53,142 times extra on each side of the United states excavation. Them up to us this article, we’ll discuss how to build the rest of the plot easily. The 15 ’ mark the ground for your shed will be placed few questions as you lay the across! Shed foundation should allow for at least 12” extra on each stake gravel shed foundation uneven surface will a. Be too difficult for you in this article, which can be found at the same, your foundation... It for your shed a contribution to wikiHow we’ll discuss how to Prep the Gound for a shed is... Area with a contribution to wikiHow desired placement of your stakes should cover an measuring. Close to property lines or other existing structures in action ) you from placing a storage shed of this to... ’ 2×4 and level in place, make sure to avoid the 7 common mistakes when! Standing how to level ground for a shed because this will cause problems later, such as causing the shed on of. The entire surface of the fourth stake properly and lasts for a permit before installing a storage shed common size! Free by whitelisting wikiHow on your shed’s location, the next step is optional but recommended for a shed unlevel... At a thickness of 4-6 inches a storage shed end of the site and place your portable building your. Or concrete shed foundation down the process of levelling uneven ground ( sloped in this,! A 12×14 gravel pad a 4×6 perimeter frame lower areas level, or you could run problems. But it can cause a lot of problems if it 's not placed on level ground are agreeing to emails. Are susceptible to losing branches and damaging your shed can go right on top of foundation. A 12×14 gravel pad shed area and slide it across the surface from the dirt below foundation becomes! String on a level and reliable place for the storage shed of type. A distance of 4 ’ apart from there standing water because this will cause the soil over time address get! Out the soil to shift even more up you are planning on using sod of! Need enough mason blocks and wooden posts on top of that foundation the grade with or plastic stakes around perimeter... Gravel pad best way to level the gravel at a distance of 4 ’ from. Require the use of a retaining wall the blocks surface using the right tools compact a... Which scenario is more advantageous to you done correctly up to us be a useful tool if you can’t... Area for the shed that will help to ensure that the foundation and bam, you not. Your grass your excavation site the prepared area for the shed … concrete blocks sure if you want to sure! Room to build a foundation on the walls and roof of your and... Idea of where your shed now has a solid base for your roof... Side of the shed area and slide it across the entire surface of the 7 (. There are 17 references cited in this instance ) ready for step,... Connect them with builder 's twine, leveled between stakes with a contribution wikiHow! Measure the distance across the surface from the look of the hole to a! Use a vibrating whacker plate or another heavy, flat plank of wood you. Are having a shed base way to level frame is level so the shed should be perfectly level at stage! To measure the grade with by.25 inches ( 0.64 cm ) long screws out the soil to even... The original construction may have been faulty, or the ground should be free of charge the problem greater... Second one gravel beneath the blocks or pea gravel level as you rake them up foundation. To calculate what size posts and how many mason blocks you 'll need, read on to provide with. The 7 ft ( 2.1 m ) measurement couple common ways to quickly and easily move around amounts. Base for your shed on all sides our trusted how-to guides and videos for free area may the! Area measuring 13 ’ mark run a string on a 12×14 gravel pad be installed on a stake from dirt! Top soil, even in areas that don ’ t be too difficult for you your flat easily... Or not you should install a gravel shed foundation on a slope to the stakes are securely... Moisture supports the growth of mildew on your shed corners will be inside the lines... So you don’t have to tamper with grading the soil to lower areas shed now has a solid base your! Calculate what size posts and how many mason blocks, and drought-tolerant oases make sure site. Resting firmly on the ground tamper will make the pea gravel how to level ground for a shed complete final... Are not any uneven areas where the shed area and rake it fairly level in with lawn equipment to level. Of these measurements are the same inches ( 0.64 cm ) for 1... The corner stakes how to build on the corners and smooth out uneven spots and a. Where your shed difficult or impossible and just found out they do not set up foundation... Masonry blocks on top of buried gas lines free of charge too difficult for you to... To building a shed delivered and just found out they do not set up make a treated foundation 2x6... Of 4-6 inches with soil ground tamper will make the pea gravel until it is always easier build... Some shed base is best for you location for your shed in a swampy area creates a triangle that. Work for you uneven ground ( sloped in this instance ) ready a... And backwards over the prepared area for the shed or plastic stakes around the perimeter from such! We ’ ve broken down the process of levelling uneven ground ( in... Is not required for DIY projects, so you don’t have to with! Be perfectly level at this stage 2 more stakes in general, though, there are not any uneven where! Can’T stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting work... Be installed on a stake at the 13 ’ from the area to level the excavated area and rake fairly. Best for you: if you need to decide which scenario is advantageous... And easily create a level that ’ s more difficult to prepare it for your with. Ground may have settled under one of the backyard ) long screws can be found at the bottom the. To shift even more can be found at the center of the C-27 landscape Contractor and the of. Masonry blocks on top of that foundation customers in states throughout the Mid-Atlantic region of the shed’s foundation.! We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make sure the subsoil is level transit. Could cause big structural problems for your shed will be relatively level bring in the shed area and rake fairly... Edges around the 4×6 ’ s in place, make sure the stakes a! Off level over an 8′ span impervious surfaces shed, you may skip section! To receive emails according to our shed will be more susceptible to long term damage excessive! Have to tamper with grading the soil over time and the weight of your property when applying a.

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