Broadcasting is increasingly being replaced by the Internet, enabling consumers all over the world the freedom to access their preferred media content more easily and at a more available rate than ever before. the usage of common communication protocols as in digital TV; and other media are diverging, as e.g. The term digital convergence means the ability to view the same multimedia content from different types devices. Recent examples of new, convergent services include: Convergent technologies can integrate the fixed-line with mobile to deliver convergent solutions. Conversely, it would seem that hardware is instead diverging whilst media content is converging. A dual play service is a marketing term for the provisioning of the two services: it can be high-speed Internet (digital subscriber line) and telephone service over a single broadband connection in the case of phone companies, or high-speed Internet (cable modem) and TV service over a single broadband connection in the case of cable TV companies. Another example, Rok Sako To Rok Lo (2004) was screened in Delhi, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Mumbai, and other part of India through EDGE-enabled mobile phones with live video streaming facility. Technology tends to move from a large number of highly specific tools towards a small set of flexible tools with broad applications. Handbook of Science and Technology Convergence, Springer reference, 2016, 1154p, Cheskin Research. EBSCO. Papic wrote, "Social Media Alone Do Not Instigate Revolutions", which discusses how the use of social media in social movements needs good organization both online and offline. However, when the dot-com bubble of the 1990s suddenly popped, that poured cold water over the talk of such a digital revolution. It is likely that music, movies, video games and informational content will eventually converge to the point that they are no longer distinct formats. Many of the entertainment examples, for instance, have to do with video, virtual reality and the Internet connecting and providing an altogether new experience. Web. The first technology of its kind, Convergent Modeling allows designers to combine facets, surfaces, and solids in one model without converting data.Not only that, but you can import scanned 3D data as facets. 3. 2. transport layer – the provider of service. The same character and the same visual effect repetitively appear in different media is because of the synergy of media industry to make them similar as possible. [26] Roco published Principles and Methods that Facilitate Convergence (2015).[27]. [52] For instance, The Matrix starts as a film, which is followed by two other instalments, but in a convergence culture it is not constrained to that form. Early in the 21st century, home LAN convergence so rapidly integrated home routers, wireless access points, and DSL modems that users were hard put to identify the resulting box they used to connect their computers to their Internet service. Previously separate technologies such as voice (and telephony features), data (and productivity applications), and video can now share resources and interact with each other synergistically. Jenkins, H. Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Collide. [50] As stated in the article, Convergence Culture and Media Work, by Mark Deuze, “the convergence of production and consumption of media across companies, channels, genres, and technologies is an expression of the convergence of all aspects of everyday life: work and play, the local and the global, self and social identity. 2, Springer-Verlag, 2016, "What is network convergence? Convergent tools on the other hand, implies that we take several ideas and put them together in a way they can be related. This idea of one technology, concocted by Henry Jenkins, has become known more as a fallacy because of the inability to actually put all technical pieces into one. previously stand-alone devices are being connected by networks and software, significantly enhancing functionalities; previously stand-alone products are being converged onto the same platform, creating hybrid products in the process; and. Examples of these include: Video on demand: Think streaming services. Using a smartphone to make calls and take digital photos and using your digital TV to perform computing tasks, such as surfing the web while watching a movie, are two more examples of technological convergence. It has been going on since the late 1920s. The concept is roughly analogous to convergent evolution in biological systems, such that (for example) the ancestors of whales became progressively more like fish in outward form and function, despite not being fish and not coming from a fish lineage. Pavlic J. V. New Media Journalism // 21st Century Communication. A sophisticated webmetric analysis, which maps the links between different websites and seeks to identify important nodal points in a network, demonstrates that the Zapatistas cause binds together hundreds of global NGOs. Third, Two-ways communication encourages interactivity between the content producers and the audiences. Blackman, Colin. Digital convergence simplifies our life into our living room. Here, the Internet serves as the intermediary, particularly through its interactivity tools and social networking, in order to create unique mixes of products and services via horizontal integration.[34]. 7 Feb 2013. Media convergence describes the collaboration between, or fusion of, at least two types of media in mutually beneficial projects. These photos were shared and eventually posted on the internet. A Horizontal Leap Forward: Formulating a New Communications Convergence between Telecommunications and Other Media: How Should Regulation Adapt?. [53] Bert is Evil (images) Bert and Bin Laden appeared in CNN coverage of anti-American protest following September 11. Convergint Technologies is a service-based North American integrator of Electronic Security, Fire Alarm, Healthcare Technologies and Building Automation. Integration, here, is defined as "a process of transformation measure by the degree to which diverse media such as phone, data broadcast and information technology infrastructures are combined into a single seamless all purpose network architecture platform". Multi-play is a marketing term describing the provision of different telecommunication services, such as Internet access, television, telephone, and mobile phone service, by organisations that traditionally only offered one or two of these services. The state of California concerned about the increasing popularity of internet telephony will eventually obliterate funding for the Universal Service Fund[66] Some states attempt to assert their traditional role of common carrier oversight onto this new technology. Media convergence, in reality, is more than just a shift in technology. Reading emails on your TV via a connected smartphone, watch a streaming movie on the home theater connected to the Internet. Communication networks were designed to carry different types of information independently. Traditionally, telecommunication regulation has focused on the operation of physical infrastructure, networks, and access to network. The role of the internet has changed from its original use as a communication tool to easier and faster access to information and services, mainly through a broadband connection. "[17] The rise of digital communication in the late 20th century has made it possible for media organizations (or individuals) to deliver text, audio, and video material over the same wired, wireless, or fiber-optic connections. How ICT Helps Enhancing Operational Efficiency and Capability in Service Sector? The rating system regulates its distribution to the audience. Journalist Joel Garreau in Radical Evolution: The Promise and Peril of Enhancing Our Minds, Our Bodies — and What It Means to Be Human uses "GRIN", for Genetic, Robotic, Information, and Nano processes,[21] while science journalist Douglas Mulhall in Our Molecular Future: How Nanotechnology, Robotics, Genetics and Artificial Intelligence Will Transform Our World uses "GRAIN", for Genetics, Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, and Nanotechnology. Phone calls are also being made with the use of personal computers. Convergence, simply put, is how individual consumers interact with others on a social level and use various media platforms to create new experiences, new forms of media and content that connect us socially, and not just to other consumers, but to the corporate producers of media in ways that have not been as readily accessible in the past. There are 5 elements of Technological Convergence which are: Technological convergence refers to the process where new technology is moving towards single platforms delivering multiple media outputs that can be used to reach audiences, for example, a PS3′s primary function is video gaming but you can download and watch movies from Lovefilm.com on it and also watch catch up TV and music videos. If this revolutionary digital paradigm shift presumed that old media would be increasingly replaced by new media, the convergence paradigm that is currently emerging suggests that new and old media would interact in more complex ways than previously predicted. As the lines between data transmission, and voice and media transmission are eroded, regulators are faced with the task of how best to classify the converging segments of the telecommunication sector. Siddhartha Menon defines convergence, in his Policy initiative Dilemmas on Media Covergence: A Cross National Perspective, as integration and digitalization. Convergent Modeling introduces an entirely new method to product design. 22, No.3 PP.163–170, 1998. [4] Robots & Machines, it is increasingly common for machines such as vehicles or appliances to have semi-autonomous features that technically make them robots. This article provides information about the convergence of information and communication technology: Convergence in communication technologies means that different kinds of communication technolo­gies are coming closer to each other. Experts even predict a total convergence of television and Internet where Internet is available through TV sets. These examples show that in many cases technological convergence is unnecessary or unneeded. Telecommunication has changed from a world of scarcity to one of seemingly limitless capacity. Self-regulation is promoted by the industry. 13 Oct. 2011. [63] A study, "Journalism in the age of media convergence: a survey of undergraduates’ technology-related news habits", concluded that several focus group respondents reported they generally did not actively engage in media convergence, such as viewing slide shows or listening to podcast that accompanied an online story, as part of their Web-based news consumption, a significant number of students indicated the interactive features often associated with online news and media convergence were indeed appealing to them.[64]. This digital convergence of news media, in particular, was called "Mediamorphosis" by researcher Roger Fidler [1], in his 1997 book by that name. Fixed and mobile operators were, for most of the 1990s, independent companies. Combination services include those that integrate SMS with voice, such as voice SMS. Bogle senior persuaded the entire industry to pay 0.1 percent levy on all advertising and the money was used to give authority to the Advertising Standards Authority, which keeps the government away from setting legislature in the media industry. As a disruptive force, convergence is a threat to the unprepared, but a tremendous growth opportunity for companies that can out-innovate and out-execute their ever-expanding list of competitors under dramatically new marketplace rules. Converging technologies combine multiple technologies into one. Digital convergence refers to the convergence of four industries into one conglomerate, ITTCE ( Information Technologies , Telecommunication , Consumer Electronics , and Entertainment ). 8–9, Rheingold, Howard (2000) Smart Mobs: the next social revolution, Perseus, Cambridge, Massachusetts, pp 157–82, Jenkins (2006) Convergence Culture : Where Old and New Media Collide, pg 2, The Handbook of global online journalism, edited by Eugenia Siapera and Andreas Vilglis, pg 26. No flows between two consoles because it is faster to create game from scratch for the industry. Select State This has led to consumers owning technologies with additional functions that are harder, if not impractical, to use rather than one specific device. Several operators have launched services that combine SMS with mobile instant messaging (MIM) and presence. "Designing Digital Experiences for Youth", Market Insights Series, Fall 2002 pp. 26 Oct. 2011. Internet, on the other hand, has the limitless capacity, due to the end-to-end design. A quadruple play service combines the triple play service of broadband Internet access, television, and telephone with wireless service provisions. It enables the convergence of access devices and content as well as the industry participant operations and strategy. The difference between the Internet and other media sources is that Internet provides Information technology, such as digital recording system, voices, images and broadcasting media etc. [48], One of the more interesting new media journalism forms is virtual reality. "Kim et al. [59] The Zapatista uprising had been marginalized by the popular press. In order to survive in the digital era most of the mass media sources find ways to get involved with the new technology, Internet. We specialize in managed IT services and backup and disaster recovery. Web. In addition, convergence does not happen when the game of two different consoles is produced. and Roco M.C. To avoid having multiple numbers (one for voice calls, another one for SMS), a simple way is to merge the reception of both formats under one number. It was introduced into public discourse through the publication of Converging Technologies for Improving Human Performance, a report sponsored in part by the U.S. National Science Foundation. For instance, mobile services are increasingly an important part of the automobile; chemicals companies work with agribusiness; device manufacturers sell music, video and books; booksellers become consumer device companies; search and advertising companies become telecommunications companies ("telcos"); media companies act like telcos and vice versa; retailers act like financial services companies and vice versa; cosmetics companies work with pharmaceutical companies; and more. 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